Nonviolent Resistance and Democratic Consolidation
Picture via Wikimedia Commons: Velvet Revolution in Armenia, 2018
After the events of the Arab Spring, the topic of nonviolent resistance has received a lot of public and academic interest. Research has shown that nonviolent strategies are effective in bringing about political change. However, scholars largely ignored the long-term impact of nonviolent resistance on the consolidation of democracy.
This research project, led by the University of Duisburg-Essen in collaboration with Berghof Foundation, addressed this lacuna by using a mixed-method research design. Using quantitative methods, we analyzed if achieving democratic transition by means of nonviolent resistance advances subsequent political development towards democratic consolidation. On the qualitative side, both Duisburg-Essen and Berghof teams conducted fieldwork and case studies of African and Latin American democracies to identify the causal mechanisms through which nonviolent resistance transmits its longterm effects.