Nonviolent Resistance and Democratic Consolidation

Picture via Wikimedia Commons: Velvet Revolution in Armenia, 2018

After the events of the Arab Spring, the topic of nonviolent resistance has received a lot of public and academic interest. Research has shown that nonviolent strategies are effective in bringing about political change. However, scholars largely ignored the long-term impact of nonviolent resistance on the consolidation of democracy.

This research project, led by the University of Duisburg-Essen in collaboration with Berghof Foundation, addressed this lacuna by using a mixed-method research design. Using quantitative methods, we analyzed if achieving democratic transition by means of nonviolent resistance advances subsequent political development towards democratic consolidation. On the qualitative side, both Duisburg-Essen and Berghof teams conducted fieldwork and case studies of African and Latin American democracies to identify the causal mechanisms through which nonviolent resistance transmits its longterm effects.

Felix S. Bethke
Felix S. Bethke

My research interests include democratization, protest movements, data science, and African politics.